What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy based on scientific methods.

Types of CBT
CBT is an umbrella term which incorporates a number of treatment approaches. At Cogbeh I work closely with you to decide which approach or approaches best suit your individual needs. The following are examples of CBT treatment modalities.

  • Cognitive Therapy (CT)
  • Behaviour Therapy (BT)
  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
  • Rational and Emotive Behavioural Therapy (REBT)
  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
  • Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT)
  • Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)
  • Integrative Behavioural Couples Therapy (IBCT)
  • Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT)
  • Prolonged Exposure Therapy (PE)
  • Reality Therapy (RT)
  • Motivational Interviewing (MI)
  • Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP)
  • Schema Therapy (ST)
  • Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT)
  • Cognitive Behavioural Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP)
  • Relapse Prevention (RP)

How does CBT work?
CBT works by helping you to make sense of issues or overwhelming problems by breaking them down into five smaller components.

  1. Situations
  2. Thoughts
  3. Emotions
  4. Physical feelings
  5. Behaviours

CBT is based on the concept of these five components being interconnected and influencing each other. For example, your thoughts about a certain situation can often affect how you feel both physically and emotionally, as well as how you behave or act in response.

How is CBT different?
CBT differs from many other psychotherapies because it is:

  • Pragmatic and goal oriented – it helps identify specific problems and tries to solve them.
  • Highly structured – individual sessions are structured as is the overall course of treatment.
  • Focused on current problems – it is mainly concerned with the cause of current problems and how you think, feel and act now.
  • Collaborative – I will not tell you what to do; I will work collaboratively with you to find solutions.

What is CBT useful for?
It can address cognitive and emotional challenges. For example CBT may help you:

  • Manage symptoms of mental illness
  • Prevent a relapse of mental illness symptom
  • Learn techniques for coping with stressful life situations
  • Identify ways to manage emotions
  • Manage stress
  • Deal with anger
  • Improve self-esteem
  • Resolve relationship conflicts and learn better ways to communicate
  • Cope with grief or loss
  • Manage the cognitive and emotional aspects of dieting and weight issues
  • Investigate, treat or prevent sports specific emotional strains and disorders

Mental health disorders that may improve with CBT include:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Phobias
  • PTSD
  • Sleep disorders
  • Anorexia, bulimia and binge eating disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Substance use disorders
  • Bipolar disorders
  • Schizophrenia
  • Sexual disorders

How many sessions are required?
Thanks to the highly focused and pragmatic design of the therapeutic session, cognitive behavioral therapy is a short-term method of treatment which generally requires fewer sessions than other types of therapy. The number of sessions required varies depending on a number of factors but typically the number is between 5 and 20.

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